Dr. Terrence Crowder, MD

Orthopedics: Spinal Surgery

  • American Board of Orthopedic Surgery

Professional Committees/Organizations

  • North American Spine Society
  • J. Robert Gladden Orthopaedic Society
  • American Medical Association
  • Arizona Orthopaedic Society


  • Medical Doctor, University of Arkansas, 2003
  • Residency in Orthopedic Surgery, Duke University, 2008

Fellowship Training
Fellowship in Spinal Surgery, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI.
Dr. Crowder received his Medical Doctor’s degree in his native Arkansas. He was treated in orthopedic surgery at Maricopa Medical Center (Phoenix) as well as Duke University. He finished training with a world-renowned spinal surgeon, the late Dr. Harry Herkowitz, at the William Beaumont Hospital in Michigan.

Dr. Terrence Crowder is an orthopedic surgeon specializing in surgical treatment of the neck and low back at Phoenix Spine and Joint Goodyear, Scottsdale, and Gilbert. Dr. Crowder is recognized as a leader in minimally invasive spinal surgery.

Dr. Crowder helps people find the best treatment for spinal stenosis. When an MRI scan shows they are having trouble walking due to severe spinal stenosis, Dr. Crowder performs laminectomy through a tubular retractor in order to avoid cutting normal muscle and keeping your skin and fascial incision as small as possible. Minimally invasive lumbar laminectomy surgery is less painful and has a faster recovery than traditional laminectomy surgery. In addition, minimally invasive laminectomy is safer, as it is done in our ambulatory surgery centers, which has lower risks of infection, COVID-19, and hospital error than a hospital.

Dr. Crowder does low back spinal fusion when the spinal bones are unstable, or when they have shifted (spondylolisthesis) leaving the spinal canal too narrow (stenosis). Dr. Crowder performs minimally invasive Spinal fusion using a tubular retractor for a muscle-sparing approach to one and two levels. The minimally invasive approach leads to dramatically less pain and faster recovery after spinal fusion surgery. Less pain means less pain medicine.

Dr. Crowder’s minimally invasive philosophy applies to his neck surgery as well, whether he is performing a cervical artificial disc, anterior cervical discectomy, and fusion, or cervical microdiscectomy.

Whereas many surgeons are still on the learning curve for minimally invasive procedures, Dr. Crowder is highly experienced and has been using these techniques for years.

Conditions Treated

  • Back pain; neck pain; Spinal stenosis; lumbar disc herniation; cervical disc herniation; cervical stenosis; spondylolisthesis; compression fracture
  • Procedures Performed
  • Lumbar laminectomy
  • Lumbar microdiscectomy
  • Cervical microdiscectomy
  • Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion
  • Lumbar spinal fusion